Whether you have no outdoor space, a small side yard, or a teeny balcony that’s really a fire escape, you can grow the apartment garden of your dreams.
Nurturing something living and green does wonders for making you feel good. And what better way to start than with herbs? They’re easy plants to grow in small spaces, they smell beautiful, you can cook with them, and they’re pretty to look at. What more could you ask for?
“Herbs are great to grow in an apartment garden because many of them require a minimal amount of space,” says Susan Brandt, co-founder of Blooming Secrets, a gardening website that provides personalized selections based off location and gardening know-how. “And, once you figure out the amount of sunlight you have, you can figure out the right herbs that will work for you.”
Besides easily squeezing into already tiny spaces, like planters and pots, herbs are also easy to grow. (Even for black thumbs!) And you can grow them outdoors and indoors.
“In the world of indoor gardening, they really aren’t difficult plants, when compared to trying to bring an orchid back into bloom or keeping a tropical elephant ear happy in a typical apartment,” says Jon VanZile, a Master Gardener, previous houseplants and indoor gardening expert at About.com (now Spruce.com), and author of “Houseplants for a Healthy Home.”
“As long as you can give them enough sunlight and regular water, a little herb garden is a great way to bring all sorts of good things into your living space.”
The 7 Easiest Herbs to Grow in an Apartment Garden
Most herbs are relatively low-maintenance plants. But some are more finicky than others. Based on ease, function, and use, these seven herbs are great picks for everyone from newbie gardeners to experienced growers.
Calling all pesto lovers! Basil is one of those herbs that isn’t exactly cheap when you buy it fresh at the grocery store. So, you can get a lot of bang for your buck when you grow your own.
Basil thrives in pots or containers. Just be sure to use a rich, organic potting soil.
Sunlight: Place basil in a sunny windowsill where it can get six hours of sun. It doesn’t like cold. So, bring it in indoors when temperatures dip.
Water: You can let the soil dry out slightly between waterings.
Harvesting: Don't be afraid to cut your basil. If you don't prune it (and use those yummy leaves), it will grow up and up until it sprouts flowers and eventually dies. Instead, harvest your basil regularly so it grows out instead of up. You can harvest up to a third of the plant starting from the top and moving down. Make sure to cut the stems right at a pair of leaves that way those two leaves will branch off and continue to grow.
Quick-growing chives are an easy herb to grow both indoors and outside. “Chives can take a little while to grow from seeds, so you might want to buy a plant,” Brandt says. They grow 10 to 12 inches tall.
Sunlight: Chives will do well in a sunny windowsill.
Water: Chives like damp soil. Don’t let them dry out.
Harvesting: When the plants reach at least six inches tall, you can start trimming one to two inches for use. (And to promote growth!) If you do trim more, don’t cut all the way down to the root. Leave at least a half inch or more so it can continue to grow.
“Mint is great to grow in an apartment garden,” Brandt says. “It comes in many different varieties and some of our favorites are spearmint, peppermint, and chocolate mint.” Mint is an aggressive grower, so it’s perfect to contain in a pot.
Sunlight: Mint can tolerate some shade. Place mint in a windowsill where it can get good morning sun.
Water: Mint likes ample moisture. Don’t let it dry out.
Harvesting: Trim back mint regularly. You’ll extend its harvest if you pinch off flowers before blooming.
Fragrant oregano loves heat and full sun. So, if you have a balcony or deck, place it outside. If you only have a windowsill available, choose the Greek oregano variety. “Greek oregano has the best flower for culinary use and is the easiest to grow indoors,” Brandt says. Like mint, oregano spreads easily, so it’s great for containing in a pot for an urban garden.
Sunlight: Place your oregano on a windowsill, balcony, or deck that gets six to eight hours of sunlight. “The more sun the plant receives, the stronger the flavor,” Brandt says.
Water: Give the plant a thorough watering when the soil is dry to the touch. Don’t overwater.
Harvesting: When the plant is at least four inches tall, trim it back at a pair of leaves to encourage it to grow out not up.
This green garnish is a great herb to have on hand in the kitchen. Keep in mind that parsley is a slow grower. “Be sure not to harvest too many leaves at any one time,” Brandt says.
Sunlight: Like chives and mint, parsley doesn’t require a ton of light. It’s adaptable! Place it on a sunny kitchen windowsill or in a more shady area on your balcony.
Water: Parsley likes moist soil, so don’t let it dry out.
Harvesting: When you want to snip off a few springs to use, trim from the outside of the plant.
Don’t skip adding this hardy low-maintenance plant to your apartment garden. While you can grow it indoors, rosemary lets off its divine piney scent when the sun hits it, so consider putting it outdoors on a balcony or deck.
Luckily for urbanites, rosemary grows great in pots. “It is capable of growing into a larger, woody plant if it’s allowed to get older,” VanZile says.
Sunlight: Rosemary prefers full sun and will need six to eight hours of sunlight a day to thrive indoors.
Water: Rosemary doesn’t like a lot of water. It can dry out between waterings. “The soil doesn’t have to be all that rich either,” Brandt says.
Harvesting: Like basil, don’t fret over cutting it. You need to trim your rosemary considerably for it to grow. Once your rosemary starts shooting skyward, trim all of the stalks back to about four inches to promote growth. This will encourage it to bush out rather than grow up.
Thyme doesn’t need a lot of TLC. This aromatic herb grows similarly to mint and rosemary and is great for a pot or container.
Sunlight: Like oregano, thyme requires a lot of light. Make sure to put it outdoors or inside in a south-facing window.
Water: Thyme doesn’t like a lot of water. It can dry out between waterings.
Harvesting: Like rosemary, thyme needs regular pruning to encourage growth. Trim sprigs as needed for cooking and cut to promote growth.
10 Tips to Grow Herbs in an Apartment Garden Like a Pro
Don’t get too overwhelmed by each herb’s specific needs. A little general gardening know-how can help you make the most of your herb garden. Here are some gardening tips from the pros.
1. Start small
“If you’re new to growing herbs or your space is limited, start with two to three herbs,” Brandt says. “Select the ones that you believe you will use the most.”
2. Choose herbs you like to eat
Start your apartment herb garden with herbs you like to use or that you’d typically buy at the grocery store. “Once you get used to cooking with fresh herbs, there’s nothing better than having a plant on the windowsill you can snip a few leaves from to create salads and other dishes,” VanZile says. “Also, you’ll be much more motivated to take care of an herb you use, as opposed to an herb that you don’t really care much about.”
3. Pick the right spot
You may live in a concrete jungle, but try to find your herbs as much natural light as possible. “Place them in a sunny spot near a window or on a deck, where they’ll get at least six hours of sun daily,” Brandt says. “Windows that face south or southwest are your best shot at sun, though east or west-facing windows also will do. North-facing windows are not bright enough.”
4. Don’t put your herbs together, unless they like one another
Not all herbs are friends, so don’t put them in the same container. “Each herb may have its own needs, which conflict with another herb that you are trying to grow in the same pot,” Brandt says. For example, mint and parsley prefer moist soil, while rosemary, thyme, and sage want dryer conditions.
“Putting them all together is a recipe for disaster since they don’t have the same watering needs,” Brandt says. “Each herb should have its own container with a drainage hole in the bottom.”
5. Give your plants room to grow
Don’t pick a pot simply because it’s cute. “You should choose pots that fit your personal style but they should be at least six inches in diameter to leave ample room for the herbs to grow,” Brandt says.
6. Inspect your herbs for pests
Check your herbs regularly for pests like spider mites, mealybugs, whiteflies, and aphids. VanZile suggests looking for tiny webs or droppings as well as the actual bugs.
“If you see an infestation, first move the plant away from any other plants so the pests don’t multiply. Then, decide if it’s worth keeping that plant at all,” he says. “It’s okay to get rid of an infested plant and just replace it. After all, you want to be very careful treating a plant with any type of insecticide if you’re planning to eat it.”
7. Don’t overwater your herbs
“The biggest mistake that gardeners and cooks make is to overwater their herbs,” Brandt says. “If the leaves start turning yellow, you are probably watering too much.”
8. Use high-quality potting soil
Invest in an organic, high-quality potting soil. “Don’t use soil from outdoors, as that’s a good way to bring unwanted pests into your home,” Brandt says.
9. Water the soil, not the leaves
Unless you want to grow fungus (you don’t!), water the soil of your herbs, not the leaves.
10. Don’t let your herbs sit in water
Make sure you give your herbs well-drained soil, so water doesn’t pool. And, don’t let them sit in a tray full of water. “Once you water your herbs, let them drain into the saucer for a few minutes, and then empty the saucer out so it’s dry,” VanZile says. “Leaving your plants sitting in water can cause root rot.”
Don’t plant your herbs and forget about them. They need TLC to grow. Pay attention to your plants and they’ll tell you what they need. “If they are drooping, they need water. If they are turning yellow, they are probably getting too much water. If the leaf tips are turning brown, try raising the humidity by misting them,” VanZile says.
“There’s really no such thing as the ‘right way’ to grow a particular plant because most plants are pretty adaptable and no two environments are exactly the same,” he says. “Listen to your plants to find your ‘right way’ to grow plants and you’ll be successful.”
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