7 Best Non-Toxic Cookware of 2024 [Chef Reviewed, Rated & Ranked]

Here's the best non-toxic cookware to keep harmful chemicals out of your food for a safe and healthy kitchen. All PFAS and 'forever chemical' free. Tested by an expert chef for 10 years.

Image of 5 different pots and pans on top of a 8 burner viking stove that belongs to Laura Klein. All of the cookware featured is part of the best non-toxic cookware you can find on the market today. Stovetop brands include caraway cookware, GreenPan, Alva Cookware, Xtrema and Demeyere.
Here's how to choose the best non-toxic cookware for a safe and healthy kitchen. Choosing safe cookware is just as important as the food you eat. Which is the right choice? Read on.Credit: Laura Klein and Organic Authority Studios

Non Toxic Cookware. It’s a hot topic. But is it worth the hype?

Non-Toxic Cookware – Real or Hype?

If you’re concerned about the dangers of the toxic chemicals that come with PFAS, PTFE, or Gen X chemicals, also known as “Forever Chemicals” used in today’s conventional nonstick PTFE cookware, and the thousands of other consumer products, the hype is real. It’s one of the many reasons driving the demand for safe cookware, including ceramic coated nonstick cookware, stainless steel, carbon steel, cast iron cookware and  bakeware.

But in order to understand what safe cookware is, first, we first need to understand what’s considered toxic cookware today – and the marketing jargon that comes with it.

I’ll also share with you the name of the relatively new PFAS forever chemical that DuPont (maker of Teflon coated cookware) introduced to replace PFOAs (now banned) that’s used in PTFE nonstick cookware today. The surprising, or not so surprising, fact is that science is now showing that it may be more toxic at lower exposure levels than PFOA and PFOS, two PFAS chemicals.1A  (Here’s why you may also want skip the melamine dishes.

As a pro-trained chef and founder of Organic Authority, I’ve been testing clean cookware for over 10 years. Let’s dive in. 

Here’s the Best, Non-Toxic Cookware Picks for the Healthy Home Chef

Most Innovative NonstickGreenPan’s G5
Best Nonstick DesignCaraway’s 12-Piece Set
Safest CookwareXtrema’s Pure Ceramic Cookware
Best Sustainable Legacy CookwareAlva Cookware
Best Stainless SteelDemeyere Atlantis 7
Best Carbon SteelMade In’s Carbon Steel
Best Cast IronStaub’s Enameled Cast Iron
Our top picks for safe and healthy cooking at home. Keep reading to learn more about each brand.
Organic Authority Guide to Safe Cookware

Read on to discover exclusive savings and seasonal sales from GreenPan and  Xtrema (hint: sign up for the newsletter here to never miss a sale). Or, bookmark this page to come back and check when your favorite brands offer exclusive sales for the Organic Authority community.

What is Toxic Cookware?

Image of saute pans on a countertop including, copper saute pan, stainless steel pans, and ceramic coated non-stick. All PFAS free cookware. We stay away from toxic materials so you can safely cook your organic produce with confidence. Our premium list of cookware will help guide you. There are many non-toxic options to choose from in this guide to to the safest cookware brands and non toxic cooking pans.
Here’s a small snapshot of the cookware I’ve tested over the years for this annually updated guide. Here are my leading, top picks for the leading clean cookware and brands. Credit: Image by Laura Klein and Organic Authority Studio.

When people refer to ‘toxic-cookware’ they’re usually referring to any cookware that has a nonstick coating that’s made with a class of man made chemicals, that come from a parent class of over 12,000 chemicals known as PFAS or per – and polyfluoroalkyl substances. PTFE, GenX, PFOAs, PFOS, come from PFAS chemicals.2

PFAS chemicals are known as “forever chemicals” because they don’t break down in the environment and can collect in human blood and organs. It’s been linked to testicular and kidney cancer, infertility, liver damage, and thyroid disease. 4,5 No thanks.

EWG, Ph.D., Senior Scientist, Tasha Stoiber, says this about PFAS,

PFAS, a family of compounds including Teflon, can be found in the blood of people all over the world, including 99 percent of Americans. The production of consumer goods using these chemicals pollutes drinking water, food and wildlife, and since PFAS do not break down, they remain in the environment and people for decades. Almost everywhere we look we find more PFAS.”

Get this: according to a study in Environmental Science and Technology in 2022 , PFAS chemicals are so pervasive – our rain drops now contain them.5A Clouds are now picking up PFAS from our contaminated ocean’s evaporating water. Seriously sad.

This is a big deal if you care about your health and the environment. You’ll probably want to stay away from any cookware that contains any PFAS chemicals like PTFE, Gen X, and the like. 

So What is Non-Toxic Cookware?

Generally speaking, clean cookware is any cookware that does not contain a nonstick coating made of PFAS chemicals. However, there’s also a concern about some heavy metals like lead and cadmium leaching into food from metal cookware and glazes used on enamel-coated cookware. If you are concerned about this please consult your doctor for personalized advice.

The Safest Cookware for Your Health: Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Enamel-Coated Cast Iron, All Ceramic Cookware, Ceramic-Coated Nonstick Cookware

Today non-toxic cookware is considered cookware that’s made without PFAS chemicals, including stainless steel, cast iron and enameled cast iron, carbon steel, pure ceramic cookware, glass, and PFAS free ceramic coated cookware.

So now you have an idea of what safe cookware is, it’s important you become familiar with non-toxic, nonstick cookware label jargon. 

What You Need to Know About Cookware Labels: PFAS, PTFE, PFOA and GenX  – The ‘Forever Chemicals’

As with other “clean” or “green” products, claims can be misleading when it comes to cookware. It’s common to see “PTFE-free,” “PFOA-free”, and “made without PFOA” on product labels, but you can’t always trust these claims at face value.

For instance, some brands rename their PTFE coatings with fancy brand names while using the “PFOA-free” label. However, the PFOA label is meaningless because it was phased out in 2016, so brands can’t use the chemical anyway.

To avoid PFAS chemicals (the ‘forever chemicals’) altogether, it’s essential to know what the following labels mean. Let’s dive in.


Is a parent class of synthetic chemicals that contains over 12,000 chemicals, including PTFE, PFOA, PFOS, GenX, and more. They’re used in the production process of today’s PTFE nonstick coatings (including Teflon) and many consumer products. PFAS chemicals come with concerns for human health and environmental contamination.6

These chemicals are also known as the famous “forever chemicals” because they don’t break down in the environment and can collect in human organs and blood. Both PFOA (phased out) and Gen X (currently in use), have been used to produce PTFE nonstick coatings commonly used in cookware today.


Also known as C8, PFOA is a type of PFAS chemical produced and used in products that resist heat, oil, stains, grease, and water, as well as stain-resistant carpets, fabrics, and PTFE-based nonstick, or Teflon cookware.

After decades of use in the U.S., chemical producers such as DuPont and 3M phased PFOA out in 2016 due to public health concerns kept hidden from the public until a class action lawsuit brought internal documents to the attention of the EPA and the general public.7 If you want to see the full timeline of the development of PFAS chemicals and the damage they done, read more here.


Another PFAS class of synthetic chemicals, Gen X is a trade name used to make PTFE nonstick coatings and is a direct replacement for PFOA, but has an unproven safety profile.8

According to a draft toxicity report by the EPA, there is a potential risk of exposure to GenX through drinking water (North Carolina has had severe issues with contaminated water), air, and consuming food wrapped in PFAS containing products.8 Emerging data from animal studies point to health effects in the kidney, blood, immune system, developing fetus, and especially in the liver following oral exposure. The data is also suggestive of cancer.

According to EWG, in 2021 the EPA came out with a new toxicity assessment of Gen X. The agency acknowledged that the ‘forever chemical’ was more toxic than previously acknowledged. In fact, it’s hazardous at lower exposure levels than PFOA and PFOS, two PFAS chemicals.


Originally discovered in 1938 by DuPont, PTFE is best known as Teflon (DuPont’s brand name). While PTFE coatings in cookware are generally safe if used as intended, overheating a PTFE pan can result in off-gassing that may lead to flu-like symptoms called polymer fume fever.3 These fumes are potent enough to hospitalize humans and kill pet birds.9

When cheap nonstick coatings wear out, the exposed core is typically made from a reactive metal (e.g. aluminum or copper) and may leach heavy metals (e.g. aluminum, copper, lead, or cadmium). Not to mention that nonstick coating can flake into your food. Can you say forever chemicals in your bloodstream?

The Bottom Line When it Comes to PFAS Chemicals in Your Cookware

PFOA has been phased out for years, so we consider this label as the bare minimum. Instead, look for nonstick coatings (see our ceramic nonstick recs below) that are made without PFAS, which, remember, encompasses all of the bad stuff (think: forever chemicals) associated with PTFE cookware.

When it comes to PFAS, Tasha Stoiber, Ph.D., EWG senior scientist states,

“Scientific research has uncovered numerous harmful effects of PFAS on our bodies and well-being, including suppression of the immune system and an increased risk of cancer.”

So What’s the Safest Cookware for Your Health?

organic authority clean cookware seal of approval for non-toxic= cookware reviewed
To find the safe cookware, we go beyond simple testing.Credit: Organic Authority Studio

Let’s face it, most cookware is generally safe. But there are things to consider about each material when purchasing your cookware. If you want to avoid coatings, then your choices are pure ceramic, stainless steel, cast iron, and carbon steel. And if you have serious concerns about cookware and want to stay away from heavy metals completely, please consult your primary physician for advice.

Here’s the result of over ten years of experience, research-backed collection of cookware recommendations to meet every need, lifestyle, skill level, and frequency of cooking, including the best nonstick pans without Teflon. Each one has earned the “Organic Authority Approved Clean Cookware” seal of approval (what’s behind the ORGANIC AUTHORITY APPROVED seal? Read about it here).

Now let’s get to my top picks!

The 7 Best Non-Toxic Cookware Brands We Trust

1. Caraway Cookware: Nonstick Ceramic Coated Cookware

A set of white Caraway cookware on a stovetop.
Caraway Home’s ceramic cookware, non toxic (obviously) sets come with more than a dozen color options. The ceramic coating makes these cookware sets a breeze to clean. Ideal for everyday cooking.Credit: Caraway Home

Caraway cookware is any home cook’s dream, particularly if you want the ease of nonstick pans. Gorgeously designed — I’m a big fan of their Iconics Collection with classy gold-hued handles. Its slick ceramic-coated surface allows you to use less cooking oil or fat if desired. You can read about my team’s top seven Caraway piece picks here.

What Are Caraway’s Pots and Pans Made Of?

Made with an aluminum core, these pots and pans have excellent heat retention and conduction, which makes them a favorite. This is where many nonstick cookware brands fail — especially the cheap ones (which is why you don’t see cheap pots and pans on this list or one hit wonders, do-it-all pans like the Always Pan). We believe in quality cookware that will last. 

The foundation of the sol-gel ceramic coating comes from silicon dioxide or silica. A semi-solid gel-like substance is then created and applied to create a dense and hard nonstick surface.

These high quality ceramic coated aluminum pieces are made without toxic chemicals, PFAS (including Gen X), they’re even California Prop 65 certified. Their products are also tested extensively by globally accredited 3rd-party laboratories (SGS and or TUV) to meet the EU, FDA, and other food safety compliance requirements. Caraway offers the utmost transparency.

Testing Caraway Ceramic Cookware

I’ve cooked everything from fried and scrambled eggs, omelets, pasta, sauces, fish and veg in this set. I do recommend that if you want a perfect nonstick for something like eggs, you need to add a little oil or butter to the pan. You can even designate a pan just for eggs.

Some of my favorite features of the cookware set include the helper handle, that comes with the 12” / 4.5 quart sauté pan. It’s also a deep pan, perfect for large family meals. The lids come with a steam vent which prevents liquids (think soups, oatmeal, etc.) from boiling over.

If you want to get the longest life out of these pans, use them for medium to medium low heat, no high heat, or putting in the dishwasher (it degrades the nonstick surface quickly).

The Clean-Up

I’ve definitely had a few blunders in these pots and pans. I’ve over reduced pan sauces, burned on cheese (hello nachos!), creating the ideal situation for a stuck on mess. And the Clean-Up? The pans cleaned up effortlessly with the help of a little soap, water and a soft brush. They are not dishwasher safe.

Stovetop Compatibility

Caraway’s pots and pans are stovetop agnostic making them safe for induction, gas, and electric stove tops.

Longevity + Durability

The reality is, no nonstick pan lasts a lifetime (even PTFE), it’s just the nature of the material. Heat and repetitive use naturally degrade the nonstick surface over time.

I have two sets of Caraway’s cookware and they’ve lasted me years. They’re an investment and I treat them with care. I don’t cook with high heat, I don’t use metal utensils, and I hand wash them. You can read more in our profile and review of Caraway.

image of Carway's Perracotta cookware on Laura Klein's stovetop. Caraway cookware is one of the highest quality ceramic coated safe cookware brands on the market. They are a top pick of the bunch.
Here’s the Peracotta set on my stove top. Caraway’s cookware sets come in more than a dozen color options. The nonstick ceramic coating makes these cookware sets so easy to clean. Credit: Laura Klein and Organic Authority Studio

Here’s What You Get When You Buy a Cookware Set

Included in a Caraway set are four pots and pans plus three lids, including a Dutch oven — which most cookware sets don’t include. It’s a great added value.

Additional bonus when you buy a set – a magnetic pan rack and a canvas lid holder is included. The canvas lid holders fits on kitchen cabinet doors to better organize lids that invariably get lost. Form meets function perfection. (Much like with Caraway Home’s Food Storage — read about my test here, and their bakeware).

More options

More affordable options include the Minis Duo, they’re ideal for small spaces and apartments. They’re great for warming sauces, melting butter, or frying an egg or two. You can also buy single pots and pans to test too.

Caraway even created a Deluxe Set. It’s the 7-piece Cookware Set with storage and a 3-piece Mini Duo (and $150 in savings).

Ceramic-coated nonstick surfaceNot dishwasher safe
No PFAS, PFOA, lead or cadmiumNot metal utensil safe
California Prop 65 certified, third party testedDoesn’t last a lifetime
Aluminum core, excellent heat conduction
Oven safe up to 550°F
Stovetop agnostic
Easy to clean
Caraway Home’s cookware pros and cons.
Image of Caraway's cookware set in sage, stacked vertically in an interesting way on a wood surface with a light marble background.

What’s included in a set: 

  • 10.5-inch fry pan 
  • 4.5-quart saute pan with helper handle, lid 
  • 3-quart saucepan with lid 
  • 6.5-quart Dutch oven with lid (big value)
  • Plus! A pan and lid storage organizer

Price: $395 at time of publish

Exclusive! Save an extra 10% on Caraway Home Cookware Products when you shop our links. Discount applied at checkout. Shop now before the sale ends.

2. GreenPan: Thermolon Ceramic-Coated Nonstick

Greenpan GP5 collection of cookware. One of the best clean cookware sets. Best used with some delicious cooking oil. GreenPan's new GP5 line integrates 15 years of innovations creating their the most advanced ceramic nonstick collection and healthiest non-stick pans. Greenpan is one of our favorite safest cookware brands. They are creme de la creme of the bunch when it comes to ceramic coated cookware. The GreenPan Valencia Pro nonstick cookware set is another favorite, elite line.
GreenPan’s new GP5 line integrates 15 years of innovations creating their the most advanced ceramic nonstick collection. Credit: GreenPan

Here’s what GreenPan’s Ceramic Cookware Is Made Of

As one of the leading safe cookware brands, each piece in the GreenPan collection features its signature Thermolon ceramic coating. Derived from sand, they were the first to invent nonstick ceramic cookware in 2007. As the original non-toxic alternative to traditional PTFE nonstick, they were the first to be free from plastic, PFAS, PFOA, lead, or cadmium. No worries that it will ever release toxic fumes, even if overheated.

When it comes to GreenPan, what they really excel at today is durability — especially with their higher end lines.

GreenPan takes green production to the next level. Their curing phase emits 60% less CO2 than traditional coatings, they utilize recycled aluminum, and they have a recycling program for your old cookware. 

GreenPan’s Latest Cookware Innovation: The GP5

Image of black GreenPan GP5 cookware one of the best ceramic cookware sets with a non stick surface on white marble counter with white marble solid backsplash, styled with a wood cutting board and a small squash.
GreenPan’s cookware sets in their GP5 collection are part of an elite collection when it comes to ceramic coated cookwareCredit: GreenPan

Their newest line, GP5, integrates 15 years of cook-centric innovations for the most advanced ceramic nonstick ceramic cookware collection they’ve ever created. And, I agree.

The Infinite8 ceramic nonstick coating in the GP5 collection is their latest leading advancement in clean ceramic nonstick coating.

What is it? More layers of ceramic nonstick, infused with diamonds (seriously!) for extra durability. The hard anodization makes it even more durable and makes it nonreactive, which is a big deal. Combined, this is what makes it more resistant to scratches and abrasion from metal utensils, stacking, hot dishwashers, and daily life.

GP5 Infinite8 ceramic nonstick coating has the slickest nonstick coating of all of their lines, and I would have to agree. It’s held up after months of use by multiple family members. It has better heat conduction and has a unique stay-flat base that’s designed to keep your cooking oil in place (as long as your stove is flat).

It comes in sleek black, or, if you want sparkling cookware, the GP5 Stainless Steel Cookware Set with Champagne handles is a fantastic option.

GreenPan Tested

GreenPan is the brand I’ve been testing the longest. I’ve tested everything from their value cookware sets, to their high-end cookware sets. Thus, I’ve experienced their non stop continuous innovation in their cookware, and it’s impressive. I’ve tested everything from eggs to fish, veggies, grass fed meats, homemade oatmeal, and more.

I recommend sticking with their high end lines as they last the longest and are the most durable.

The most recent cookware sets I’ve tested include the GP5, the Reserve, and the Valencia Pro (it’s won many awards for its durability which is a big deal in the ceramic coated nonstick world, and it’s well earned). You can read more about the other GreenPan sets I’ve tested here. 

GreenPan non-toxic cookware Venice Pro set hanging against marble backsplash via Organic Authority
GreenPan’s sets come in black, stainless steel and other colorways to match your kitchen design aesthetic. 
Credit: GreenPan

The Clean Up

I burned a few things, even boiled over and burned a pot of oatmeal or two in these pots and was scared I had ruined the surface. I was wrong. The burned on oatmeal came off effortlessly. I ran a wooden spoon across the bottom of it and easily cleaned up with some soap, water and a soft brush.

Handwashing is recommended for these pots and pans but GreenPan does say you can run them through the dishwasher. To preserve their life I say stick with hand washing. It’s what I do. 

Longevity + Durability

Of all the non-toxic nonstick cookware I’ve tested, it’s the most durable and stands up to the most use and abuse. It even stood up to metal utensil use by family members who refuse to use wood or silicone utensils — which is a big deal. 

Industry leader for innovation in non-toxic, non-stick cookware brandsDoesn’t last a lifetime
Signature Thermolon ceramic nonstick coating, highly durable
No PFAS, PFOA, lead, or cadmium
Oven safe up to 600°F
Excellent heat conduction
Metal utensil tolerant
A set includes a set of silicone utensils and 3 pan separators
Dishwasher safe (hand washing recommended though)
Stovetop agnostic
Recycling program helps you recycle your old cookware
GreenPan Cookware Pros and Cons

Here’s What’s Included in a GP5 Infinite8 Ceramic Cookware Set

GreenPan's GP5 stainless steel cookware set with champagne handles. The 4-piece set sits on a cutting board next to asparagus, lemons water bottle and a window. It's a premium ceramic non stick cookware line.
  • 9.5 and 11-inch frypan
  • 3-quart saucepan and lid
  • 3-quart saute pan and lid
  • 5-quart stockpot and lid – stockpot is a great value, usually it’s an add on
  • Plus! 3 silicone utensils + 3 pan protectors 

11 pieces in total

Price $859 + 30% off with code, at time of publish

Exclusive code:  Use our code ORGANIC30 to apply up to 25%-30% off sitewide to your next GreenPan order when you shop now.

3. Xtrema: All Ceramic Cookware

Chef using Xtrema pure ceramic cookware safe cooking in a healthy kitchen. Xtrema cookware is one of the safest cookware brands on the market. Healthy, clean, non-toxic cookware. It's one of the safest materials with just pure ceramic.
Xtrema cookware is one of the original safe cookware lines with their all ceramic cookware. No coatings, no metal core, just pure ceramic.Credit: Xtrema

What’s Xtrema Cookware Made Of?

The original safe and clean cookware, Xtrema’s pure ceramic construction (no metal core, no coatings!) is made with clay, water, natural minerals and oxides.

It’s great for low and slow applications. One of the few all ceramic cookware lines on the market, it’s probably one of the healthiest, and least toxic cookware materials you can find. It can go from the stovetop to the oven, and is even microwave safe, making it the perfect vessel for one-pot recipes, as well as braising, boiling, and baking. You can even use it on the grill and it’s dishwasher safe.

Xtrema Cookware is PFAS and PFOA free, is FDA-approved and meets California Prop 65 standards, meaning it’s free of more than 800 compounds and harmful chemicals that may cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm. All products in this line come with a 10-year warranty.

Testing Xtrema

Xtrema is another cookware brand that I’ve been testing for at least 10 years. I’m a big fan of their Signature Skillet line.

I love, love, love making eggs in this pan. I was skeptical about its natural nonstick claims, considering it doesn’t have a nonstick coating. However, with a little oil or butter you have a surprisingly excellent nonstick surface (it’s also perfect for making Shakshuka and baked dips that go in the oven like this spinach artichoke dip).

They recently redesigned it using one-piece construction for extra strength and durability. The 9.5-inch fry pan has the look and feel of a cast iron skillet without the weight or metallic tastes.

I’ve also tested their Classic Oval Dutch Oven — ideal for soups, stews, chilis, and breads. It’s lighter than cast iron. So if you find cast iron Dutch ovens are too heavy for you, this could be for you.

Image of dried beans in the bottom of a black, oval dutch oven made out of ceramic on the top of a gas range from an overhead view in a non-toxic kitchen. Xtrema is a premium safe cookware line.
Xtrema’s Dutch Oven is excellent at conducting and retaining heat. I love making a big pot of brothy beans in it! 
Credit: Laura Klein and Organic Authority Studio

Xtrema’s Pots and Pans Have Ah-Mazing Heat Retention

Xtrema’s pans retain heat really, really, well. When I cook with these pots and pans, I generally use a lower heat temperature because they retain heat so well once heated. When I cook a big pot of beans or chili in the Dutch oven, the pot will still have a slight simmer in it 20 minutes after I turn off the heat.

The Clean-Up

Even though Xtrema’s pots and pans don’t have a coating, they are relatively easy to clean. All I ever need is some soap, water and a soft brush. If anything ever gets stuck, I put some water in it, turn a burner on low and after it heats up gently use a wooden spoon to remove any stuck on stuff. They are dishwasher safe though. 

100% Pure CeramicHave to preheat over low heat
FDA Certified and California Prop 65 compliantTo cook on induction you need a special induction disk
No PFAS, PTFE, PFOA, lead or cadmium
10-year warranty, and 40 day trial
Dishwasher, microwave, BBQ, freezer, oven safe
Excellent heat retention
Xtrema Pure Ceramic Cookware Pros and Cons

What’s included in a Signature Series Set:

Image of the all black Xtrema Pure Ceramic Cookware Signature Series Set which comes with a skillet that is much lighter than an iron skillet, and 3 different sized non-toxic ceramic saucepans with lids which are all oven safe, all on a plain white background.
  • 1-Quart Traditions Saucepan with Lid
  • 1.5-Quart Traditions Saucepan with Lid 
  • 2.5-Quart Traditions Saucepan with Lid 
  • 9-inch Signature Skillet
  • 2-100% Organic Cotton Handle Potholder 

Price: $442.39*

Exclusive code: Use code OA15 to save an extra 15% off your order at checkout. 

4. Alva Cookware: Sustainable Ceramic Nonstick, Stainless Steel, Cast Iron, Carbon Steel

Image of Alva non-toxic cookware in many options from overhead view, stainless steel and ceramic coated nonstick with sauteed carrots, another pan with a tofu dish, and one with a buttery sauce with flecks of green and a spoon. Alva makes cookware from many different materials, they even have a cast iron skillet. Our chef tester Laura particularly loves the fry pan.
We love Alva Cookware’s clean cookware options, options, options. Like their classic ceramic-coated non-stick fry pans, a unique oval-shaped fish pan, and even a pancake pan.Credit: Alva Cookware

About Alva Cookware 

New to the guide in 2024, the sustainability story behind this legacy cookware brand is truly remarkable. Launched in 1949, in Belgium, while Europe was still recovering from WWII, Albert Vandaele started making aluminum cookware from scrap metal, and discarded equipment from the war. He had an eye for detail and a hand for pure Old World craftsmanship. Any cookware that did not meet his high standards was sent back to be melted and recast again.

Flash forward to today, Albert’s grandson, Michel Delmulle leads the helm of the company and is now expanding into the U.S. Alva’s cookware collection is extensive. Including everything for your non-toxic, nonstick cookware needs — ceramic-coated nonstick fry pans, a unique oval-shaped fish pan, and even a pancake pan. All 100% PFAS free and is third party tested. For your high heat searing needs, they’ve crafted beautiful stainless steel, cast iron pans, and even carbon steel pans.

Alva Cookware Tested

I tested the ceramic nonstick Maestro Frying Pan, the Nori Grill Pan, an enamel-coated cast iron grill pan, and the Energy Nonstick Fish Pan.

It’s a classic, ceramic coated nonstick pan with slick, nonstick capabilities. Sunny side-up eggs and delicate fish released easily from the pan again and again upon testing.

A favorite feature are the straight sides giving you 20% more cooking surface area. And the thick, three layer aluminum (aluminum sandwiched between two layers of stainless steel) induction base is impressive and ensures precise heat conduction. It’s a layer of aluminum sandwiched between two layers of stainless steel.

Two side by side images of a cast iron grill pan by Alva, on the left it has zucchini and on the right it has chicken, both showing off perfect grill marks made by the deep grooves in this cast iron skillet that is made for grilling by Alva.
I tested searing searing zucchini and skinless chicken in Alva Cookware’s Nori Grill Pan. This pan made it easy to achieve pretty grill marks. Credit: Laura Klein and Organic Authority Studio

The enamel-coated black cast iron grill pan has deep grill ridges that create beautiful grill patterns. I seared my home-grown zucchini and skinless chicken in this pan to see if I could easily achieve beautiful grill marks. The pan passed the test with flying colors.

What’s also unique to this brand is their unique oval-shaped Nonstick Fish Pan with sloped sides. I love this pan because, simply put, It’s a ton of fun to cook with! It’s a snap to cook up quick (even whole) fish dishes and finish them with yummy sauces like a Meunier, or a simple EVOO with fresh lemon and herbs. With two pour spouts on either end of the pan, pouring your pan sauce over your beautifully cooked fish is a breeze. 

No PFAS, PFOA, lead or cadmiumNot dishwasher safe
Third party tested
Non toxic ceramic nonstick coating
20% more usable cooking surface
Heats quickly and retains heat
10 year warranty on Maestro nonstick (5-25 year warranty on others)
Oven safe up to 392 degrees Fahrenheit
Easy to clean
Stovetop agnostic
Alva Cookware pros and cons

Alva Cookware Highlights + Prices

5. Made In Cookware: Carbon Steel and Stainless Steel Cookware

Image of Stainless steel cookware by Made In on a stovetop. Stainless steel is a safe cookware choice. Stainless steel pots and pans are gorgeous safe cookware choices. We love the stay-cool handles of the fry pan too!
Made In is a popular choice for pro chefs and home cooks alike—no commercial kitchen would turn their nose up at this beautiful stainless steel cookware sets that will last a lifetime.Credit: Made In

This family-owned brand is 100+ years in the making, and myself and the team are impressed by the superior quality of Made In 5-ply stainless steel clad and carbon steel pans. You can read the full profile of the brand here.

Made In’s Stainless Steel Cookware Construction

Made In’s stainless steel cookware, constructed with five layers of metals for improved heat conduction, makes it an extremely durable kitchen staple. The frying pans rolled rims are a nice added touch that allows you to easily pour without spilling. I love that it’s oven safe up to 800 degrees Fahrenheit so you can easily go from stove top to oven.

Made In’s Carbon Steel Pots and Pans Construction

Their carbon steel cookware line is an absolute favorite of mine. Carbon steel is a cross between stainless steel and cast iron. It’s lighter and easier to maneuver than a cast iron skillet, and excels at high heat cooking techniques. It heats up and cools quickly, and easily goes from stovetop to oven. It’s also kind of indestructible. You can even take it camping.

Image of two side-by-side dishes both cooked in the Made In carbon steel fry pan, which can withstand super high heat. On the left we have a whole roasted chicken with roasted potatoes and carrots and on the right a chicken pot pie with a beautifully browned crust topped with fresh herbs.
I use Made In’s 12″ Carbon Steel pan for high heat searing and one dish dinners like roast chicken with vegetables and chicken pot pie. Credit: Laura Klein and Organic Authority Studio

Stainless Cladd Tested

I’ve tested everything in these pans — from roasting a whole chicken in the oven, to executing blistered greens, caramelized Brussels sprouts to searing a grass-fed piece of meat to get that extra caramelization of flavor and texture. 

The 5-ply stainless steel is surprisingly lightweight which makes it easy to flip ingredients and can go from stovetop to oven easily. The long stay-cool handle (I still recommend using a kitchen towel for protection) and curved lip makes it easy to pour pan sauces over hot finished dishes.

Carbon Steel Tested 

In the 12” carbon steel non toxic skillet, I’ve roasted whole chickens and veg and made chicken pot pie. I’ve even cooked eggs in it with ease after I built up a nice seasoning in the pan (read more about a failsafe method to keep eggs and fish from sticking). I’ve also thrown it on the grill to cook up vegetables. Its versatility is endless.

You can buy the carbon steel pan preseasoned or unseasoned. Mine came unseasoned. The pan will develop natural nonstick properties as the pan becomes seasoned with use. Don’t cook acidic foods like lemons, tomatoes and wine, this strips the natural seasoning. But if it does get stripped, you can easily reseason the pan. 

The Clean-Up

The stainless steel cleans up easily with some soap and water. They’re even dishwasher safe, but I wash by hand for longevity.

When it comes to the carbon steel, I’ve developed a nice seasoning on pans so the clean-up has been easy.

Yes, there are times that I’ve had some burned on bits. I either put some water in the pan and put it over low heat and once heated through, run a wooden spoon across the bottom of it to lift bits, or I use this mesh chain mail scrubber that I absolutely love! Just don’t leave your carbon steel pan soaking in long soapy baths. That’s a recipe for rust. 

Michelin starred chef-approved stainless and carbon steel cookwareNonstick is PTFE (why we don’t recommend it)
Carbon steel builds natural nonstick with useStainless steel is not naturally nonstick
High heat capacity
Extremely durable
Stovetop to oven. Stainless steel oven safe up to 800 degrees, carbon steel 1200 F
Induction compatible
Limited lifetime warranty
Made In Pros and Cons.

Made In Cookware Highlights + Pricing

Stainless steel frying pan comes in 6, 8, 10, 12-inch options.
Price: $89*-$109*, depending on pan size 

Carbon steel frying pan comes in 8, 10, 12-inch options. Choose from seasoned or unseasoned. 
Price: $79*-$129*, depending on pan size

6. Staub: Enamel-Coated Cast Iron Cookware

image of Butternut squash soup in a Staub Cocotte, Dutch Oven. Enamel coated cast iron is another great choice for at home healthy cooking and is oven safe.
Staub, a French culinary specialty, is renowned for their enameled cast iron. Their Dutch ovens are commonly used in fine restaurants around the world. Credit: Staub

“I always recommend Staub pots and pans because when you buy them you know you’re getting quality. They are very good at keeping moisture inside the pot during a long braise, which means you’ll have a more flavorful stew.” – Devan Cameron, Chef and Owner of Braised & Deglazed.

About Staub Cookware, Loved by the Pros

For nearly five decades, Staub has been renowned as a French culinary specialty in enameled cast iron. Originally developed in part with famed French chef Paul Bocuse, this heavy-duty cookware boasts the phenomenal heat retention of cast iron and the acid-resistant, slick surface of glass enamel studded with quartz crystals. It stands up to metal utensils, and it’s oven safe up to 500 degrees Fahrenheit.

Image of Laura Klein's Staub white oval cocotte on gas stove top makes naturally non stick cooking a breeze. Staub's Dutch Ovens are free of toxic metals and have a textured surface and is metal utensil safe that is excellent for searing. It is an excellent piece of cookware and should be part of your non toxic cookware sets
Laura Klein’s Staub Cast Iron Dutch Oven on her stove top. It doubles as a beautiful decorative art piece. It’s a favorite for batch cooking, soups, stews and even searing veg and grass fed meats. Credit: Laura Klein and Organic Authority Studio

Staub Tested

I’ve been testing Staub’s enamel-coated cast iron for years, and I love it. Many ask if I prefer it over Le Creuset, and the answer is yes.

Why? The black matte enamel textured cooking surface made from glass and quartz crystals is unique amongst enamel-coated cast iron brands. It requires no seasoning and stands up to heavy metal utensil use (Le Creuset does not). I also find that it sears meat and vegetables much better than Le Creuset.

When I cook with Le Creuset, I find that the cream enamel coating is more delicate, it turns brown with use, doesn’t stand up to metal utensil use, and fine cracks develop over time.

I’ve made everything from slow cooked soups, stews, beans, chilis, and even seared veg and meat — and Staub and it all passed with flying colors. Like all cast iron cookware, it’s heavy (ever tried to flip an egg in a cast iron skillet?) and it takes longer to fully heat through (you can even put it in the oven to facilitate even heating). Veg and meat browned and seared easily creating excellent caramelized browning leaving tasty browned bits behind perfect for making delicious pan sauces.

A special callout to Staub’s innovative lid design: A snug fit to trap condensation, it features spikes all along the inner surface to ensure moisture drips back into the dish during slow cooks, and enough steam retention to make your sourdough bread tender and moist with a sublimely crisp crust. It’s smooth enamel bottom works on all stovetops, including induction.

Cleaning Staub

While testing I also found Staub is also easier to clean than Le Creuset. Yes, it’s dishwasher safe, but hand washing is recommended. Le Creuset is tougher to keep clean, again, because of the cream colored enamel coating. I was constantly trying to scrub away the brown left behind after I cooked, and I finally gave up after testing Staub.

I sat down with Joanna Rosenberg from Staub for an Instagram live conversation for a full review of what makes Staub stand out from the rest (you can also read our interview and review of Staub too). 

Stovetop agnosticPricey
Metal utensil tolerant
Textured black matte interior
No seasoning required
Interior doesn’t turn brown over time
Easy to clean, dishwasher safe, hand washing recommended
Innovative lid design
Stovetop agnostic
Dishwasher safe, hand washing recommended
Pros and cons of Staub .

Tested Dutch Oven Specs + Price: 

Price: 5.75 qt, oval, Cocotte, white: $379*
Note! There are tons of sizes, shapes and colors to choose from. This cocotte is just one size. And you can find some great skillets.

7. Demeyere: Premium Stainless Steel Cookware 

Image of Demeyere's Stainless Steel Atlantis fry pan with pan carmelized onions, thyme and marjoram in olive oil. It's beautiful premium clean  cookware. This stainless steel cookware set is a favorite of mine, Laura Klein.
The Demeyere Atlantis 7 stainless steel cookware set is gorgeous and easy to clean because of the Silvinox tech. It’s honestly the prettiest stainless steel set we’ve experienced! And, it stands up to the hype.Credit: Laura Klein and Organic Authority Studio

I use the saucier for so many things, like making weeknight tomato sauces, rice, quinoa, melting chocolate, and caramelizing onions.” Laura Klein

Belgian family-run Demeyere has been a benchmark in stainless steel cookware for over a century. Outstanding feature? Silvinox technology — a unique electrochemical surface treatment (not a coating) that enriches and purifies the stainless steel surface, making it easier to clean and allowing it to retain its shine and silver-white color. Over time I’ve found that you’ll may still need to use a bit of Bar Keeper’s friend to help keep them shiny. 

About Demeyere Stainless Steel Construction

I seriously love these frying pans for their excellent heat conduction and easy-to-clean surface. I’ve tested the Atlantis, made with seven layers of metal, and the Industry 5, with five layers. Both have excellent conduction, eliminating hot spots.

If heavy cookware is a challenge for you, the Industry 5 may be a better choice. The Atlantis with the seven layers of metal is a heavier pot or pan. However, the 11” and 12.5” come with helper handles, which are very useful, and help overcome the weight issue.

These non toxic cooking pans don’t contain rivets which eliminates food getting stuck in small crevices, making them more hygienic. They also have a proprietary flat bottom technology that keeps the pans from warping at high temperatures.

Demeyere is definitely a pricier option on our list, but their list of pros is pretty impressive. The Demeyere Atlantis set comes with a Dutch oven and saucier which adds great value. We’ve never seen a cookware set include those pots and pans — they’re usually add-ons.

Testing Demeyere

Because the Atlantis has seven layers of metal it takes longer to heat up. However, when fully heated, it’s excellent at conducting heat and browning items like potatoes, vegetables, and even pancakes for crispy edges! Because it has seven layers, it’s also more forgiving at a high cooking temperature, where something like the carbon steel or less layers is not. 

image of Demeyere saucier with black forbidden rice with green vegetables demo'd in Demeyere's clean cookware

Favorite Features

A favorite feature is the wide surface area of the bottom of the frying pan. It gives you more cooking surface area to brown your food in a single layer— helping reduce the number of pans you may use.

The rounded edges of these cookware sets make pouring sauces over finished veg and meat a breeze.

The long handles keep your hand away from the stovetop heat source and make them easier to reach for in a heated oven (with an oven mit of course!). They are metal utensil safe, too.

If you have an induction stove top, you may want to go for the Atlantis set. At the time of this update, that cookware set comes with TriplInduc® technology, which Demeyere claims is 30% more efficient on induction.

“The Demeyere Atlantis comes with a little more weight with the two extra layers, but the superior heat conduction retention, food release, easy-to-clean cooking surface and overall design and feel of the pan in my opinion, is worth it.” Laura Klein

Cleaning Demeyere Stainless Steel Pots & Pans

These stainless steel pans have excellent food release, making them easier to clean than a traditional stainless steel pan. I wash them by hand but they are dishwasher safe.

7-ply stainless steelPricey 
 Thick aluminum core
7 layer base, InductSeal® , with copper disk
Dishwasher safe, easy to clean 
Retains silver-white shine for years – Silvinox treatment (not a coating!)
Excellent heat conduction and browning
Induction compatible
Lifetime warranty
No rivets
Chef favorite
Pros and cons of Demeyere Atlantis cookware set.

What’s included in a Demeyere Atlantis 9-piece Cookware set: 

  • 11-inch fry pan
  • 3.5-quart saucier + lid (excellent value!)
  • 5.1-quart saute pan with helper handle + lid
  • 2.3-quart saucepan with + lid
  • 8.9-quart Dutch oven with lid (excellent value!)

Price: $1399.99 at time of publish + 15% off when you sign up for the newsletter

What impresses us is this set includes a saucier AND Dutch oven which most cookware do not include (great value). 

Choosing the Right, Safe, Cookware for You

Where to start? We recommend beginning with a base set and adding from there. And to make things even easier, follow our chart to select the perfect pieces for your safe cookware collection.

Chart that compares safe cookware properties. It helps you choose the right types of the highest quality of cookware for you from cookware brands that care.
Credit: Organic Authority Studio

For the fast track to cleaner cooking pastures, just take our personalized cookware quiz to learn which clean cooking items (aka non toxic cooking pots and pans) will set you up for cheffing success. (Promise it’s quick and easy.)

woman trimming basil in her kitchen leaning over her safe cast iron cookware. We don't recommend The Always Pan because it deteriorates too quickly and ends up in the trash. Glass cookware and porcelain enamel can be excellent choices too. We help you choose the right types of cookware.
The type of cookware you choose will depend on your needs in the kitchen.
Credit: Tina Dawson

My 5 Tips for Making Your Non-Toxic Nonstick Cookware Last 

If you’re looking for the perfect nonstick pan that’s not PTFE, or Teflon, that will last a lifetime, it doesn’t exist. In fact, no nonstick cookware lasts a lifetime. And the reality is, when it comes to ceramic coated cookware, non toxic cooking ware doesn’t last as long as PTFE (aka toxic pans). In fact, they all fail at some point. It’s the nature of the material.

What I can tell you is that I’ve been testing non-toxic, nonstick cookware for 10+ years and if you’re thoughtful about how you use it, it will last you years. I have multiple nonstick pans from different brands and manufacturers that are going on three to five years of use. It’s rare to get that much use out of a nonstick pan — unless it’s PTFE.

However if you follow these simple tips, yours might last longer too. 

Laura’s Cheat Sheet for Cooking with Non-Toxic Non Stick Cookware

Colorful graphic outlining Laura Klein's tips for cooking with non-toxic cookware and made your non-toxic pots and pans last as long as possible. She's been testing them for over 10 years so she has all the good tips on cookware and bakeware non toxic
Credit: Organic Authority Studio

About the Healthiest Pots and Pans to Cook With:

Pure Ceramic

If you’re looking to ditch toxic pots and pans, pure ceramic might be the safest, or best cookware material for your health, it’s completely free of heavy metals. This type of cookware is made with just one material — ceramic. Best for low and slow cooking techniques, and can easily go from stovetop to oven. It conducts and retains heat very well. Another bonus to using ceramic pans is its low carbon footprint.

Best cooking technique to use: low and slow, stove top to oven, excellent heat conduction and retention.

Ceramic Coated Cookware

It’s nonstick and doesn’t off-gas at high temperatures. When treated well it can last for several years, and just might be the best nontoxic nonstick pan. The manufacturing process with this material is also more environmentally friendly, as PFAS chemicals used in traditional nonstick production are under heavy scrutiny concerning public health issues.1

The catch? The low-end cheap brands wear out quickly—as soon as four weeks. Basically, it ends up being a complete waste of money to buy these particular non toxic cooking pots and pans. There are also concerns over “quasi-ceramic” nonstick cooking surface and the migration of nanoparticles of titanium dioxide. Those studies are inconclusive however. This is why we feel it’s worth it to invest in a quality brand.

Best cooking techniques to use: medium to medium low.

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel cookware is the workhorse for professional and home kitchens alike because it can last a lifetime and take a beating. They’re also excellent for high heat cooking techniques. Look for safe cookware brands that use food-grade 18/10 stainless steel, with an aluminum core, and employ third-party lab testing in compliance with Prop 65.2 Another bonus, stainless steel is metal utensil safe.

Best cooking techniques to use: high heat searing, stovetop to oven.

Enameled Cast Iron Cookware

An heirloom classic in the kitchen passed down from generation to generation, cast iron pots and pans retain heat like nothing else and is a master at searing. While cooking with this material is generally safe, those susceptible to iron overload should consult with their primary care physician and use cast iron cookware with caution.

Our preference is for enameled cast iron cookware, made with glass black enamel studded with quartz particles. It’s metal utensil safe.

Best cooking techniques to use: high heat searing, stovetop to oven, grilling, excellent heat retention.

FAQ Summary: Cookware Safety 

Looking for a quick and easy answer to your *ahem* burning questions? Check our answers to your questions below. As always, if you have concerns consult your primary care physician. You can also leave a question below in the comment section. 

Is ceramic-coated cookware non-toxic and safe? 

Ceramic nonstick coated cookware is considered a non-toxic and safe option. It is made without the chemical PFAS, which is used in the production process for traditional PTFE-based, nonstick cookware. 

Are there any nonstick pans that are non-toxic?

There’s an inherent risk of cooking food in anything. Having said that, most cookware is generally safe. We’ve found that the higher end lines of ceramic coated nonstick are the next best thing to traditional PTFE. It must be treated properly, it’s best for medium to medium low heat, using only wood and silicone utensils (no metal utensils to avoid scratches).

Is aluminum cookware safe to cook with?

While research regarding the detrimental effects of cooking with aluminum is inconclusive, there are concerns over aluminum leaching into food when in contact with acidic foods (tomatoes, vinegar), though leaching is not a concern for aluminum-based cookware that is coated or treated (anodized).

It’s best to avoid aluminum cookware that is cheaply made or secondhand cookware, and stick with reputable brands that follow safe manufacturing practices.10

Is copper safe to cook with?

Copper is considered a heavy metal and is highly reactive to acidic foods, like tomatoes and vinegar. 11 Copper cookware is typically lined with stainless steel to prevent leaching, but there is concern that individuals with nickel sensitivity (about 10% of the population, as reported by Cleveland Clinic) should avoid stainless steel.12 For those without a nickel allergy, it’s best to choose reputable brands that use food grade 18/10 stainless steel or higher.

Is stainless steel safe to cook with?

Stainless steel has been a favorite of pro chefs because of its durability and high heat capabilities. While stainless steel is generally safe to cook with, there is some concern over nickel leaching when in contact with acidic foods (tomatoes, vinegar), a concern for individuals with nickel sensitivity (about 10% of the population, as reported by Cleveland Clinic).12,13

Choose reputable brands who use food grade stainless steel with an aluminum core for excellent heat conduction.

Is enamel-coated cookware safe?

Enamelware is often associated with coated cast iron. Look for brands that conduct 3rd party lab tests to ensure Prop 65 compliance for cadmium and lead.

Is carbon steel safe to cook with?

Carbon steel usually comes as uncoated material (unless it comes pre-seasoned). It’s a mix of cast iron and stainless steel. It can handle high cooking temperatures without breaking down or off-gassing toxic fumes (unlike PTFE-based nonstick coatings).

Similar to uncoated cast iron, avoid long simmering meals with acidic ingredients (tomatoes, vinegar) as this may strip the natural seasoning and leach trace amounts of iron into your food. Carbon steel usually requires seasoning to build up natural nonstick properties.

Is cooking with cast iron safe?

Cast iron is generally a safe cooking material. For long simmering recipes, avoid acidic ingredients (tomatoes, vinegar) as they may strip any natural seasoning that has built up. When in contact with acidic foods, trace amounts of iron may also leach into your food, which may not be healthy for individuals susceptible to iron overload.14 Enamel coated cast iron comes sealed and is less likely to leach. 

Is cooking with traditional (PTFE) nonstick cookware safe?

Cooking with PTFE-based cookware is generally considered safe but does come with environmental and health risks because of the “forever chemicals”. However, overheating can lead to toxic fumes that lead to flu-like symptoms and are strong enough to kill pet birds.3,9 The main concern with PTFE-cookware has to do with the industry’s long history of litigation with regard to localized PFAS contamination (a chemical used during production) in local waterways—a serious public health concern.1

While it is possible for a company to make safe PTFE cookware, we have not encountered a cookware brand that can answer my questions with regard to their wastewater mitigation practices. For this reason, we prefer ceramic cookware as it eliminates the need for PFAS chemicals altogether.

Brands and Products We Don’t Recommend and Why

Yes, we previously recommended PTFE-free nonstick pans from Ecolution’s Bliss Line, Ozeri Green Earth, GreenLife Soft Grip, and Cuisinart’s Green Gourmet 12-piece set. But we’re walking that back and for good reason. These pans simply don’t hold up to our standards for durability and ability to handle high heat.

We also have thoughts on popular brands that other sites have recommended. Lodge skillets are a great value option, but we prefer Staub for its superior performance. Staub comes pre-seasoned with a crystal-based black matte enamel coating, which means you don’t have to worry about re-seasoning the pan or rusting, and it also reduces the probability of iron leaching when cooking acidic foods.

Many of Cuisinart and All-Clad’s stainless steel product lines are 3-ply and don’t perform as well with regard to heat conduction and even heating as Made In’s 5-ply, or Demeyere’s 5 or 7-ply.

The Always Pan seems to be a popular all-in-one choice. But around here, we’re just not fans of gimmicky one-hit wonders that have a short shelf life and end up in the landfill. Not green and costs you more money in the long run. Products like these tend to produce average or below average results because they simply try to do too much.

And if you really love to cook, you don’t want one pan to execute all of your cooking, or ‘do everything’. You invest in and own multiple types of cookware to execute different cooking techniques.

Like many ceramic pans, there seems to be a consensus about The Always Pan, as far as non toxic cooking pans go, and that it doesn’t last more than a few months, a year if you’re lucky. If you must have nonstick cookware and are willing to treat it properly, we can confirm that our GreenPan and Caraway picks will last much longer, but know that all nonstick pans wear out eventually.

My Expertise

I’m a professionally trained chef and completed culinary school in Los Angeles. I’ve been testing non-toxic cookware for over ten years. I’ve tested each and every one of the pots and pans in this guide for months, and many for years. I’m also a recipe developer and writer. I launched Organic Authority after I completed culinary school. 

While in school, we learned how America’s food is grown by big agriculture with toxic pesticides, chemicals and the horrific conditions of confined animal feeding operations. That’s when I had a paradigm shift and saw directly how America’s “healthy food” was directly related to its burgeoning obesity and health epidemic. That’s when I decided to launch Organic Authority because I felt America needed to know the truth behind their food supply. 

To stay in touch with me sign up for our newsletter here. 

We frequently add or remove products based on our research and testing. Please let us know in the comments below of any brands you’d like us to look into or if you’d like to share your own experiences with the brands you’ve tried.

Read More on Safe Cookware 

Image of, overhead view bread loaf in cast iron non-toxic Dutch oven used for baking
Read more related articles on safe cookware like bakeware. Credit: Artur Rutkowski

5 Non-Toxic Bakeware Materials to Consider & Our top Brand Picks

How the FDA has Regulated PFAS Chemicals the last 40+ Years

Stone, Steel, or Cast-Iron: Which is Best for Homemade Pizza?

*Our test kitchen independently evaluates and reviews products for the OA community. If you click on the links provided, we may receive compensation which helps to keep the lights on. Learn more


1. https://www.ewg.org/news-insights/statement/2021/10/forever-chemical-genx-more-toxic-previously-acknowledged-says-epa#:~:text=10-,’Forever%20chemical’%20GenX%20more%20toxic%20than%20previously%20acknowledged%2C%20says,known%20as%20PFOA%20and%20PFOS.

2. https://time.com/6284266/pfas-forever-chemicals-manufacturers-kept-secret/
4. https://www.ewg.org/tapwater/contaminant.php?contamcode=E207
5. https://www.cancercenter.com/community/blog/2021/09/does-teflon-cause-cancer
5A. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35916421/
6. https://www.cancer.org/healthy/cancer-causes/chemicals/teflon-and-perfluorooctanoic-acid-pfoa.html
7. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/dec/27/chemicals-dupont-rob-bilott-toxic-america
8. https://www.epa.gov/sites/default/files/2018-11/documents/factsheet_pfbs-genx-toxicity_values_11.14.2018.pdf
9. https://www.ewg.org/research/canaries-kitchen
10. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170123110345.htm
11. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9119339/
12. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17842-nickel-allergy
13. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4284091/
14. https://examine.com/articles/are-cast-iron-pans-unsafe/

Other Sources 

*https://www.epa.gov/chemical-research/research-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-pfas2. *https://oehha.ca.gov/proposition-65 *https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4544973/#:~:text=Polymer%20fume%20fever%20is%20a,shivering%2C%20sore%20throat%20and%20weakness.

Laura is a trained chef with roots in the organic food movement and brings intelligence, intoxicating energy and girl-next-door... More about Laura Klein, Chef & Wellness Expert